Encycolorpedia

Valspar Paint Blue Jay Feather X74R159A / #3f5576 hexadecimale kleurcode

#3f5576 Paint ChipDe hexadecimale kleurcode #3f5576 is een medium donkere tint van cyaan-blauw. In het RGB-kleurmodel bestaat #3f5576 uit 24.71% rood, 33.33% groen en 46.27% blauw. In de HSL-kleurruimte heeft #3f5576 een tint van 216° (graden), 30% verzadiging en 35% lichtheid. Deze kleur heeft een geschatte golflengte van 476.26 nm.

Kleurvariaties

Kleuren bij naam

Kleurenschema's

Download: GIMP GPL Adobe ASE (Adobe Swatch Exchange) Sketch Palette

#3f5576 lineaire gradiënt naar complementaire kleur #766a3f

  1. #3f5576
  2. #4c586d
  3. #575c64
  4. #605f5b
  5. #686352
  6. #6f6649
  7. #766a3f

Monochromatische kleuren

  1. #304666
  2. #354b6c
  3. #3a5071
  4. #3f5576
  5. #445a7b
  6. #495f81
  7. #4f6486

Kleurtonen

  1. #3f5576
  2. #455672
  3. #4a576d
  4. #4f5869
  5. #535964
  6. #575a60
  7. #5b5b5b

Kleurtinten

#3f5576 naar wit

  1. #3f5576
  2. #5e6f8c
  3. #7d8aa2
  4. #9da6b8
  5. #bdc3d0
  6. #dde0e7
  7. #ffffff / #fff

#3f5576 naar zwart

  1. #3f5576
  2. #364762
  3. #2c394e
  4. #232c3b
  5. #1a2029
  6. #111318
  7. #000000 / #000

Verfkleuren

Bijpassende verf

Vergelijkbare verf

  1. GM / General Motors

    1. ★ Sky Blue
      #415777
      ΔE = 0.889 / LRV ≈ 9.3%
    2. Georgian Blue
      #485d76
      ΔE = 4.263 / LRV ≈ 10.5%
  2. Chrysler

    1. ★ Rhapsody Blue
      #425473
      ΔE = 0.928 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Twilight Blue
      #47586f
      ΔE = 3.537 / LRV ≈ 9.5%
  3. AMC

    1. ★ Kimberly Blue
      #3a5274
      ΔE = 1.404 / LRV ≈ 8.2%
    2. Bayshore Blue
      #465974
      ΔE = 2.599 / LRV ≈ 9.7%
  4. Clark+Kensington

    1. ★ Saphire / 1018
      #3d5275
      ΔE = 1.434 / LRV ≈ 8.3%
    2. Heirloom China / 37C-7
      #39516d
      ΔE = 2.827 / LRV ≈ 7.9%
  5. Asian Paints

    1. ★ Inky Sea / X145
      #385375
      ΔE = 1.436 / LRV ≈ 8.3%
    2. Prussian Blue / 7341
      #38516f
      ΔE = 2.438 / LRV ≈ 7.9%
  6. Valspar Paint

    1. ★ Majestic Peak R170A
      #435571
      ΔE = 1.638 / LRV ≈ 8.9%
    2. Mystified
      #4e5a71
      ΔE = 4.188 / LRV ≈ 10.1%
  7. General Paint

    1. ★ Ravine / CL 2347N
      #45587a
      ΔE = 1.695 / LRV ≈ 9.6%
    2. Queen's Wreath / CL 2387N
      #4c5677
      ΔE = 3.110 / LRV ≈ 9.5%
  8. Pantone / PMS

    1. ★ 540 U
      #3f526f
      ΔE = 1.761 / LRV ≈ 8.2%
    2. 3597 U
      #545b7b
      ΔE = 4.953 / LRV ≈ 10.8%
  9. Caparol

    1. ★ 55 7 237 / Grau 3
      #345478
      ΔE = 2.003 / LRV ≈ 8.4%
    2. 55 4 220 / Arctis 10
      #4c5c78
      ΔE = 3.601 / LRV ≈ 10.5%
  10. British Standard

    1. ★ BS381 104 - Azure blue
      #355679
      ΔE = 2.029 / LRV ≈ 8.8%
    2. BS 4800 20 D 45 - Sapphire blue / Maritime / Trafalgar
      #3f5f85
      ΔE = 4.269 / LRV ≈ 10.9%
  11. Magnolia Home

    1. ★ Silos District / JG-92
      #42526e
      ΔE = 2.033 / LRV ≈ 8.3%
  12. CIL

    1. ★ Subzero Blue
      #365379
      ΔE = 2.047 / LRV ≈ 8.4%
    2. Patch of Blue
      #295579
      ΔE = 3.791 / LRV ≈ 8.3%
  13. Audi

    1. ★ Caribicblau Pearl/Caribic Blue Pearl / K8, K8K8, LZ5G
      #345679
      ΔE = 2.206 / LRV ≈ 8.8%
    2. Mauritiusblau Pearl/Ocean Blue Pearl / 2Y, 2Y2Y, LZ5C
      #2c5779
      ΔE = 3.865 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
  14. Kansai Paint

    1. ★ Wira Blue
      #365278
      ΔE = 2.219 / LRV ≈ 8.2%
    2. Exciting Blue
      #385d8b
      ΔE = 5.140 / LRV ≈ 10.5%
  15. Nature Paint

    1. ★ Beast
      #43597e
      ΔE = 2.260 / LRV ≈ 9.8%
  16. Nerolac

    1. ★ Sanguine Blue - 4225
      #45577c
      ΔE = 2.281 / LRV ≈ 9.5%
    2. Blue Planet - 4239
      #3d4e70
      ΔE = 2.963 / LRV ≈ 7.6%
  17. Brillux

    1. 57.12.27
      #3b5074
      ΔE = 2.314 / LRV ≈ 7.9%
    2. 57.09.27
      #4e5770
      ΔE = 3.670 / LRV ≈ 9.6%
  18. Bristol

    1. Thai Silk / P102-C7
      #3b506e
      ΔE = 2.343 / LRV ≈ 7.8%
    2. Blue Lagoon / P113-C7
      #345e7f
      ΔE = 4.886 / LRV ≈ 10.3%
  19. Crown Diamond

    1. 7328-73 Mystic Cobalt
      #385279
      ΔE = 2.365 / LRV ≈ 8.3%
    2. 7354-63 Wild Lavender
      #4e5e7a
      ΔE = 4.340 / LRV ≈ 11.0%
  20. Mylands of London

    1. Prussian Blue
      #3d5875
      ΔE = 2.405 / LRV ≈ 9.3%
  21. Benjamin Moore

    1. New York State of Mind / 805
      #365574
      ΔE = 2.412 / LRV ≈ 8.5%
    2. Prussian Blue / CW-625
      #335b7e
      ΔE = 3.704 / LRV ≈ 9.7%
  22. Craig & Rose

    1. Don Adriano
      #47567a
      ΔE = 2.430 / LRV ≈ 9.4%
  23. 1829

    1. Smalt
      #46567b
      ΔE = 2.484 / LRV ≈ 9.4%
  24. Plascon

    1. Storm B4-E1-4
      #3c5880
      ΔE = 2.518 / LRV ≈ 9.5%
    2. Bottlenose Dolphin B3-E1-4
      #3c5c80
      ΔE = 3.098 / LRV ≈ 10.2%
  25. Dulux Australia

    1. Steadfast / A380
      #4a5977
      ΔE = 2.544 / LRV ≈ 9.9%
    2. Alpha Centuri / A392
      #4d5878
      ΔE = 3.165 / LRV ≈ 9.9%
  26. Pratt & Lambert

    1. Black Violet 28-15
      #374f70
      ΔE = 2.658 / LRV ≈ 7.6%
  27. Cloverdale Paint

    1. Midnight Interlude / AC144
      #3e5772
      ΔE = 2.667 / LRV ≈ 9.1%
    2. Inky Sea / AC145
      #375a77
      ΔE = 3.967 / LRV ≈ 9.5%
  28. KILZ

    1. Blue Uniform / B912
      #3b4e6e
      ΔE = 2.871 / LRV ≈ 7.5%
    2. Luxurious Blue / C722
      #355e87
      ΔE = 4.600 / LRV ≈ 10.5%
  29. Volkswagen

    1. Reef Blue
      #305279
      ΔE = 2.909 / LRV ≈ 8.0%
    2. Denim Blue
      #2d5a7a
      ΔE = 4.767 / LRV ≈ 9.3%
  30. Earthpaint

    1. 3-37-6 Wedgewinkle
      #38557f
      ΔE = 2.921 / LRV ≈ 8.9%
    2. 3-36-6 Atlantis Blue
      #345d83
      ΔE = 4.152 / LRV ≈ 10.2%
  31. Taubmans

    1. Virginia Blue / T10 43I-2
      #305174
      ΔE = 2.924 / LRV ≈ 7.8%
    2. Buzby / T69-8
      #2d5c81
      ΔE = 4.579 / LRV ≈ 9.8%
  32. Dunn-Edwards

    1. Blue Earth / 89
      #375673
      ΔE = 2.969 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Slumber / 67
      #2d517c
      ΔE = 3.990 / LRV ≈ 7.9%
  33. Olympic

    1. Blue Jewel B46-6
      #405881
      ΔE = 3.003 / LRV ≈ 9.7%
    2. Royal Hyacinth C45-6
      #434e69
      ΔE = 3.611 / LRV ≈ 7.7%
  34. Sto

    1. 34440
      #4a5b7d
      ΔE = 3.107 / LRV ≈ 10.4%
    2. 34441
      #49586f
      ΔE = 3.556 / LRV ≈ 9.5%
  35. Sigma

    1. Cool Blue / S 5040-R80B
      #2f557e
      ΔE = 3.151 / LRV ≈ 8.6%
    2. Cool Blue / S 5040-R90B
      #27587b
      ΔE = 4.602 / LRV ≈ 8.8%
  36. Wattyl

    1. Paris Skies / D84W
      #49556d
      ΔE = 3.162 / LRV ≈ 9.0%
    2. Space Odyssey / E28W
      #25527f
      ΔE = 4.760 / LRV ≈ 8.0%
  37. New Look

    1. Spinning Around / G38-05
      #49556d
      ΔE = 3.162 / LRV ≈ 9.0%
    2. Topsy Turvy / G38-03
      #4d5c83
      ΔE = 4.632 / LRV ≈ 10.9%
  38. Vallejo Game Color

    1. Heavy Blue (143)
      #2d567c
      ΔE = 3.194 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Heavy Violet (142)
      #4f566c
      ΔE = 4.412 / LRV ≈ 9.4%
  39. Vallejo Model Color

    1. Prussian Blue (965)
      #2d567c
      ΔE = 3.194 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Violet (960)
      #4f566c
      ΔE = 4.412 / LRV ≈ 9.4%
  40. Reaper Master

    1. Breonne Blue (9055)
      #2d567c
      ΔE = 3.194 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Nightshade Purple (9022)
      #4f566c
      ΔE = 4.412 / LRV ≈ 9.4%
  41. Old Citadel

    1. Mordian Blue
      #2d567c
      ΔE = 3.194 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Hormagaunt Purple
      #4f566c
      ΔE = 4.412 / LRV ≈ 9.4%
  42. Dutch Boy

    1. Medieval Blue
      #4d5575
      ΔE = 3.413 / LRV ≈ 9.4%
    2. Wizardian
      #4d5071
      ΔE = 4.805 / LRV ≈ 8.5%
  43. Tollens

    1. Touareg | EE105
      #375b7c
      ΔE = 3.422 / LRV ≈ 9.7%
    2. T2018-2
      #355975
      ΔE = 4.309 / LRV ≈ 9.2%
  44. Graham & Brown

    1. Police Box Blue
      #374f6b
      ΔE = 3.450 / LRV ≈ 7.5%
    2. Water Street
      #4e5d84
      ΔE = 4.946 / LRV ≈ 11.1%
  45. Glidden

    1. Rich Navy / 50BB 08/171
      #404d6b
      ΔE = 3.515 / LRV ≈ 7.5%
    2. Royal Navy / 50BB 10/112
      #52586d
      ΔE = 5.053 / LRV ≈ 9.9%
  46. Ford

    1. Brite Blue
      #2a567e
      ΔE = 3.628 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Medium Blue
      #254e73
      ΔE = 4.758 / LRV ≈ 7.1%
  47. RAL

    1. RAL 5000 / Violet blue
      #354d73
      ΔE = 3.756 / LRV ≈ 7.3%
    2. RAL 5007 / Brillant blue
      #3e5f8a
      ΔE = 5.018 / LRV ≈ 11.0%
  48. Laura Ashley

    1. 1406 Deep Chambray 6
      #2f5675
      ΔE = 3.864 / LRV ≈ 8.5%
  49. Kelly-Moore

    1. Blue / 135
      #345b85
      ΔE = 3.899 / LRV ≈ 9.9%
    2. Blue By You / KM3152-5
      #285a7e
      ΔE = 4.740 / LRV ≈ 9.3%
  50. Pascol

    1. King Tides PZ5010
      #424d68
      ΔE = 3.909 / LRV ≈ 7.5%
  51. Dulux

    1. 30BB 08/225
      #2f5472
      ΔE = 3.925 / LRV ≈ 8.2%
    2. 30BB 08/263
      #235678
      ΔE = 5.039 / LRV ≈ 8.4%
  52. Behr

    1. New Navy RAH-82
      #32526e
      ΔE = 3.927 / LRV ≈ 7.8%
    2. Chilly Night ECAT-20
      #304c68
      ΔE = 5.013 / LRV ≈ 6.8%
  53. Zoffany

    1. Velvet Blue
      #495e7b
      ΔE = 3.939 / LRV ≈ 10.9%
  54. California Paints

    1. DE 5860 - Slumber
      #2d517c
      ΔE = 3.990 / LRV ≈ 7.9%
    2. Jazz Age
      #254f79
      ΔE = 4.744 / LRV ≈ 7.4%
  55. Evonik-Degussa

    1. 202A Blue Thunder
      #2c4e72
      ΔE = 4.003 / LRV ≈ 7.2%
    2. 244A Blue Purple
      #3c4a6a
      ΔE = 4.564 / LRV ≈ 6.9%
  56. Focoltone

    1. 3398
      #455f81
      ΔE = 4.027 / LRV ≈ 11.0%
  57. Nippon Paint

    1. Blue Purple / NP PB 1491 A
      #485074
      ΔE = 4.031 / LRV ≈ 8.4%
    2. Benedict Blue / NP PB 1512 A
      #3c4a6d
      ΔE = 4.711 / LRV ≈ 7.0%
  58. Albany Paint

    1. Little Boy
      #4a5880
      ΔE = 4.035 / LRV ≈ 10.0%
    2. Colonial
      #215477
      ΔE = 4.977 / LRV ≈ 8.0%
  59. Resene

    1. Venice Blue B46-066-241
      #2c5778
      ΔE = 4.057 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
    2. Bahama Blue B46-084-237
      #25597f
      ΔE = 4.681 / LRV ≈ 9.1%
  60. Model Master

    1. Model Master 1719
      #3b4f67
      ΔE = 4.098 / LRV ≈ 7.5%
    2. Model Master 1972
      #265372
      ΔE = 5.104 / LRV ≈ 7.8%
  61. Crown Paint

    1. 1987 Denim
      #3b507b
      ΔE = 4.099 / LRV ≈ 8.1%
    2. Ballgown
      #454d6c
      ΔE = 4.111 / LRV ≈ 7.7%
  62. Brighto Paints

    1. 4-37-6 High Up
      #455f7e
      ΔE = 4.124 / LRV ≈ 11.0%
    2. 4-39-5 Vineyard Shadow
      #535d7d
      ΔE = 4.914 / LRV ≈ 11.1%
  63. TRUMATCH

    1. 35-c7
      #3a5986
      ΔE = 4.140 / LRV ≈ 9.8%
    2. 37-a7
      #3d5281
      ΔE = 5.128 / LRV ≈ 8.6%
  64. Natural Color System / NCS

    1. S 5030-R90B
      #324c6c
      ΔE = 4.151 / LRV ≈ 6.9%
    2. S 4040-R90B
      #305483
      ΔE = 4.614 / LRV ≈ 8.6%
  65. Coronado Paint

    1. AC144 - Midnight Interlude
      #354d69
      ΔE = 4.154 / LRV ≈ 7.1%
    2. AC145 - Inky Sea
      #2e506e
      ΔE = 4.181 / LRV ≈ 7.4%
  66. Tikkurila

    1. 0348 / Cornflower
      #2c5984
      ΔE = 4.160 / LRV ≈ 9.3%
    2. 9728
      #485465
      ΔE = 5.242 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
  67. Sikkens

    1. T6.28.26 (RAL 5000)
      #2c4e6f
      ΔE = 4.234 / LRV ≈ 7.1%
    2. T2.42.23
      #1f567a
      ΔE = 5.183 / LRV ≈ 8.4%
  68. Colortrend

    1. 0648
      #425e7a
      ΔE = 4.300 / LRV ≈ 10.6%
    2. 0655
      #3a5e7b
      ΔE = 4.919 / LRV ≈ 10.3%
  69. Diamond Vogel

    1. Happy Tune / 0648
      #425e7a
      ΔE = 4.300 / LRV ≈ 10.6%
    2. Queen of the Night / 0655
      #3a5e7b
      ΔE = 4.919 / LRV ≈ 10.3%
  70. Krylon

    1. Global Blue
      #335c7d
      ΔE = 4.311 / LRV ≈ 9.8%
  71. Teknos

    1. GBI138
      #375d87
      ΔE = 4.324 / LRV ≈ 10.4%
  72. Jotun

    1. 0255 / Signalblå
      #2e526f
      ΔE = 4.334 / LRV ≈ 7.8%
    2. 4303 / Sandefjord
      #2d5b7b
      ΔE = 5.031 / LRV ≈ 9.5%
  73. Devoe Paint

    1. Patch of Blue / 30BB 08/263
      #2a5575
      ΔE = 4.343 / LRV ≈ 8.3%
    2. Blazer Blue / 43BB 09/340
      #215885
      ΔE = 5.092 / LRV ≈ 9.0%
  74. Opaltone / OMS

    1. 6647
      #295784
      ΔE = 4.457 / LRV ≈ 9.0%
    2. 6653
      #245887
      ΔE = 5.224 / LRV ≈ 9.1%
  75. Porter Paints

    1. Chinese Porcelain / 449-6
      #395e7d
      ΔE = 4.630 / LRV ≈ 10.4%
    2. Royal Hyacinth / 445-7
      #454b6a
      ΔE = 4.970 / LRV ≈ 7.3%
  76. Toyo Ink

    1. CF10936
      #455467
      ΔE = 4.640 / LRV ≈ 8.6%
  77. Ralph Lauren

    1. Rue Royale / RLVM287
      #48596d
      ΔE = 4.658 / LRV ≈ 9.6%
  78. ICI Paints

    1. 4219 Encore 70BB 09/241
      #364a6e
      ΔE = 4.670 / LRV ≈ 6.8%
    2. Sapphire 50BB 11/321
      #2a5686
      ΔE = 5.047 / LRV ≈ 8.9%
  79. Vallejo

    1. Vallejo 70.962 #56
      #3b4d77
      ΔE = 4.701 / LRV ≈ 7.6%
    2. Vallejo 70.943 #61
      #484f64
      ΔE = 4.854 / LRV ≈ 7.9%
  80. Earthborn

    1. Trumpet
      #484e65
      ΔE = 4.788 / LRV ≈ 7.8%
  81. PPG Pittsburgh Paints

    1. Annapolis Blue / PPG1164-7
      #384a66
      ΔE = 4.830 / LRV ≈ 6.7%
    2. Royal Hyacinth / PPG1169-7
      #464b6a
      ΔE = 5.131 / LRV ≈ 7.4%
  82. Tamiya

    1. Tamiya 86504, AS4
      #415366
      ΔE = 4.933 / LRV ≈ 8.3%
  83. Federal Standard

    1. Federal Standard 25051
      #464e63
      ΔE = 4.940 / LRV ≈ 7.7%
  84. Johnstone's Paint

    1. Oxford Blue
      #314b68
      ΔE = 4.947 / LRV ≈ 6.7%
    2. Dark Sky
      #345f82
      ΔE = 5.010 / LRV ≈ 10.5%
  85. Peintures MF

    1. CD344-5
      #3b5065
      ΔE = 4.980 / LRV ≈ 7.6%
    2. Sombre secret
      #264c70
      ΔE = 5.140 / LRV ≈ 6.8%
  86. Levis

    1. Shady Purple A70
      #3b4966
      ΔE = 5.056 / LRV ≈ 6.7%
    2. Atl Denim B2
      #3a5267
      ΔE = 5.067 / LRV ≈ 7.9%
  87. Farrow & Ball

    1. Pitch Blue / 220
      #535e7e
      ΔE = 5.068 / LRV ≈ 11.4%
  88. Beckers

    1. Petroleum 790 / S 6511-B10G
      #4f5268
      ΔE = 5.084 / LRV ≈ 8.7%
  89. Sherwin-Williams

    1. Dignified - 6538
      #3b496d
      ΔE = 5.183 / LRV ≈ 6.8%
  90. Duron

    1. Denim
      #43608a
      ΔE = 5.242 / LRV ≈ 11.4%

Kleurenblindheid

Monochromacy

Dichromacy

Trichromacy

#3f5576 HTML & CSS voorbeelden

#3f5576 voorgrond

De mens wikt, maar God beschikt.

<p style="color: #3f5576">…</p>

#3f5576 achtergrond

Het is niet alles goud wat er blinkt.

<p style="background-color: #3f5576">…</p>

#3f5576 tekst schaduw

Beter hard geblazen, dan de mond gebrand.

<p style="text-shadow: 0.1em 0.1em 0.15em #3f5576">…</p>

Kleur samenstelling grafieken

Kleurruimte conversies

Decimaal
4150646
Binair
00111111, 01010101, 01110110
Hexadecimaal
#3f5576
LRV
≈ 8.9%
Kortste korte hex
#457 ΔE = 1.372
RGB
rgb(63, 85, 118)
RGBA
rgba(63, 85, 118, 1.0)
rg chromaticiteit
r: 0.237, g: 0.320, b: 0.444
RYB
rood: 24.706%, geel: 30.868%, blauw: 46.275%
Android / android.graphics.Color
-12626570 / 0xff3f5576
HSL
hsl(216, 30%, 35%)
HSLA
hsla(216, 30%, 35%, 1.0)
HSV / HSB
tint: 216° (216.000), verzadiging: 47% (0.466), helderheid: 46% (0.463)
HSP
tint: 216.000, verzadiging: 46.610%, waargenomen helderheid: 32.846%
HSLuv (HUSL)
H: 249.419, S: 51.441, L: 35.716
Cubehelix
H: -146.662, S: 0.367, L: 0.322
TSL
T: -1.940, S: 0.131, L: 0.322
CMYK
cyaan: 47% (0.466), magenta: 28% (0.280), geel: 0% (0.000), key: 54% (0.537)
CMY
cyaan: 75% (0.753), magenta: 67% (0.667), geel: 54% (0.537)
XYZ
X: 8.567, Y: 8.861, Z: 18.395
xyY
x: 0.239, y: 0.247, Y: 8.861
CIELab
L: 35.716, a: 1.272, b: -21.398
CIELuv
L: 35.716, u: -10.954, v: -29.173
CIELCH / LCHab
L: 35.716, C: 21.436, H: 273.402
CIELUV / LCHuv
L: 35.716, C: 31.161, H: 249.419
Hunter-Lab
L: 29.768, a: -0.720, b: -15.801
CIECAM02
J: 26.032, C: 29.113, h: 252.519, Q: 100.523, M: 25.459, s: 50.325, H: 307.261
OSA-UCS
lichtheid: -10.248, geel: -3.719, groene: 1.073
LMS
L: 7.098, M: 9.126, S: 18.236
YCbCr
Y: 86.595, Cb: 145.743, Cr: 115.999
YCgCo
Y: 87.750, Cg: -2.750, Co: 2.000
YDbDr
Y: 82.184, Db: 53.889, Dr: 36.487
YPbPr
Y: 82.690, Pb: 19.030, Pr: -12.518
xvYCC
Y: 87.016, Cb: 144.717, Cr: 117.004
YIQ
Y: 82.184, I: -23.707, Q: 5.615
YUV
Y: 82.184, U: 17.626, V: -16.830
Munsell Kleursysteem
5PB 3/6 ΔE = 4.125
Merkkleur
Tumblr ΔE = 3.302

Willekeurige kleuren

Rood

Groene

Blauw